Last week we learned about the demonstrative adjectives ce, cet, cette, and ces which mean this, that, these, and those. This week, I’m going to explain to you the demonstrative pronouns: celui-ci, celle-ci, ceux-ci, celles-ci so you fully understand the difference between the demonstrative adjectives, again last week’s video, and the demonstrative pronouns, and when to use them accordingly.
Today we are focusing on demonstrative pronouns, in other words, this one, that one, these ones, those ones. They’re called les pronoms démonstratifs: celui-ci or celui-là, celle-ci or celle-là, ceux-ci or ceux-là, celles-ci or celles-là. As you know, everything in French has a gender.
Celui-ci means this one attached to a masculine singular noun, let’s say un piano.
Par exemple: Tu veux celui-ci? Do you want this one?
Celui-là means that one attached to a masculine singular noun.
Par exemple: Tu veux celui-là? Do you want that one?
How to remember the -ci or the -là? Easy think of ici which means here and là which means there.
Celle-ci means this one attached to a feminine singular noun, let’s say une peinture.
Par exemple: Tu aimes celle-ci? Do you like this one?
Celle-là means that one attached to a feminine singular noun.
Par exemple: Tu aimes celle-là? Do you like that one?
Ceux-ci means these ones attached to a masculine plural noun, let’s say des livres.
Par exemple: Je prends ceux-ci. I’m taking these ones
Ceux-là means those ones attached to a masculine plural noun.
Par exemple: Je prends ceux-là. I’m taking those ones
Celles-ci means these ones attached to a feminine plural noun, let’s say des fleurs.
Par exemple: Celles-ci sont très jolies. These ones are very pretty.
Celles-là means those ones attached to a feminine plural noun.
Par exemple: Celles-là sont très jolies. Those ones are very pretty.
Here’s a quick recap just in case:
Celui-ci: this one for singulier masculin
Celui-là: that one for singulier masculin
Celle-ci: this one for singulier féminin
Celle-là: that one for singulier féminin
Ceux-ci: these ones for plural masculin
Ceux-là: those ones for plural masculin
Celles-ci: these ones for pluriel féminin
Celles-là: those ones for pluriel féminin
Does it help?
How do yo u distinguish gender in, “Do you want this one o r that one?”
It’s always based on context.
If a subject is not mentioned then use either but be consistent.
My problem has been figuring out what is feminine vs masculine per the French. Eg. flower and banana or even apple or orange
How the heck are they feminine!
Just practice and cram somethings.
Completing A year on Duolingo has taught me a few things. Plus Alexa’s you tube and frenchtruly more recently.
Hope that helps.
thank you. very concise.
What about ceci and cela?